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English Forum And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allah and does righteousness and says, "Indeed, I am of the Muslims.

تمنع جميع الحوارات السياسيه فى المنتدى مهما كان نوعها سواء مدح أو ذم ,,, ومنع طرح المواضيع الخلافيه الموجوده على الساحه العربيه الان مهما كان نوعها ومن تخالف هذا القرار للإداره حق التصرف بما تراه مناسب ونسأل الله أن يسدد خطانا جميعا اللهم آآمين الحوارات السياسيه

   
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رحمك الله يا سمية

رقم العضوية : 8411
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شمائل غير متواجد حالياً عرض البوم صور شمائل


  مشاركة رقم : 26  
كاتب الموضوع : شمائل المنتدى : English Forum قديم بتاريخ : 10-08-2012 الساعة : 12:46 PM

Episode 26: As-Suyuty followed the footsteps of those who defended the Sunnah before him

In the time of Imam As-Suyuty (911 AH) a Muslim sect attacked the Sunnah and refused to hold it as a proof. Thereupon, Imam As-Suyuty exerted a lot of efforts to defend the Sunnah and wrote a book to refute their claims which was entitled: Muftah Al Jannah fi Al Ihtijaj bissunnah (The key of Paradise to hold the Sunnah as a proof). He wrote in the introduction: "Let it be known that there is a kind of knowledge that is like medicine and there is a kind of opinions that is like bathrooms that are not mentioned or meant except at necessary. However, something occurred recently, but had rooted long time ago which is: Rafidi heretic people has spoken lengthy and badly about the Prophetic Sunnah and the reported Hadiths (may Allah exalt and raise their honor) and claimed that they should not be held as a proof. They claimed that only the Qur'an should be held as a proof, then mentioned the following Hadith: (what has been reported from me, compare it to the Qur'an, if you find a source (matching the same meaning), then take it (and act accordingly), otherwise reject it). Thus, I as well as other people heard this speech from him. Some people did not pay attention to it while others neither know the origin of this speech nor from where it emerged. So, I decided to explain to the people the origin of this speech, explain its falsehood, and to show its bad consequences on Muslims." (1)
As-Suyuty spoke about the origin of that corrupt speech saying: The origin of that corrupt opinion is that heretics and a group of the Rafidah (a Shi`ah group denying the caliphates of Abu Bakr As-Siddiq and `Umar ibn Al Khattab, making accusations against them and many other Companions of the Prophet) refused to hold the Sunnah as a proof and depended only on the Qur'an as a proof. They were of different doctrines: Some of them believed that prophethood was basically came to Ali and that Gabriel (Peace be upon him) had made a mistake by descending on the Master of Prophets (i.e., Muhammad peace be upon him) may Allah be Exalted of what they claim. Some of them admitted that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was the original prophet but said: Caliphate was genuinely the sole right of Ali, but when the Companions gave homage to Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), those wretched people (may Allah curse them) said: The Companions have converted from Islam when they oppressed Ali and gave homage to someone who did not deserve it. Moreover, they claimed that Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) was a disbeliever because he did ask for his right. As a result, they rejected all Hadiths because they were reported by disbelievers, indeed we are possessed by Allah and indeed to Him we shall return.
It was not permissible to mention those opinions, but it was necessary to mention them to explain the corrupt opinion of those people." (2)
As-Suyuty (may Allah be merciful with him) mentioned that the people who used to hold these opinions were present abundantly in the time of the Four Imams (Abu Hanifah, Malik, Al-Shafi`y, and Ahmad) and those who followed them. The great Four Imams (Abu Hanifah, Malik, Al-Shafi`y, and Ahmad) and their companions refuted their claims in their lessons and debates. (3)
Furthermore, As-Suyuty mentioned in his book many sayings of great scholars before him, confirming that holding the Sunnah as a proof is a fundamental basis of religion, as he reported their refutations to the claims of that corrupt doctrine.

___________________________
(1) Muftah Al Jannah p. 11.
(2) Muftah Al Jannah p. 12.
(3) Ibid. p. 12




رحمك الله يا سمية

رقم العضوية : 8411
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  مشاركة رقم : 27  
كاتب الموضوع : شمائل المنتدى : English Forum قديم بتاريخ : 10-08-2012 الساعة : 12:50 PM

Episode 27: Orient lists and their students repeat the same claims and doubts in modern time (1/2)

The sedition of attacking the Sunnah has not abated in this time, but the attacks increased and orientalists and their westernized students are the leaders of these attacks.
Al `Aqqad mentioned in his book "Al Islam Fi Al Qarn Al `Ishrin (Islam in twentieth century)" that Europe has set plans to attack Islam by commanding its experts and thinkers to study Islam and outline the elements of power so that they can fight it based on knowledge.
Those elements of power were: The Qur'an, the Sunnah, and the personality of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
This abstract shows why attacks are focused on the Sunnah?
The meaning of the Sunnah according to the European experts is the theoretical aspect of the Prophet's saying which are represented in his current certified Hadiths.
As for the personality of the Prophet (peace be upon him), it means to them the behavioral, practical, and moral aspect because he is the high moral example to follow for those who have believed and done righteously.
Moreover, the Hadith of the Prophet (the Sunnah) is the record of his behavior and the elements of his personality.
In this context, we understand clearly why attacks are focused on the Sunnah, because it represents two elements of power in Islam, which are:
1- The huge heritage of Hadith.
2- The personality of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
These are the priorities which are laid by the enemies of Islam to eradicate it because they understand that if they succeed to drop the Sunnah from the lives of Muslims, they will succeed to drop the Glorious Qur'an without approaching it because Muslims cannot apply the Qur'an without the Sunnah, as it is the explanation of the Glorious Qur'an.

The students of orientalists spread their poisons:
There were times during which the West was executing this mission by itself then they found (the alternative) which was the Muslims who are fascinated by them: A deceived group which received education at the hands of orientalists and that group drank the purposes and diseases of the West, so they no longer see but by Western eyes, do not hear but by Western ears, and do not understand except by Western minds. They were charged with doubts which they pushed into education houses and media to spread their poisons and to arouse doubts in the Sunnah. Hence, they left no rule of Hadith but aroused doubts in its value and importance and did not leave a narrator of the grand narrators either from the Companions and the Followers but aroused doubts about him, accusing them with terrible accusations in order to reject all their narrations.
Furthermore, they did not leave a book from the Sunnah which the entire nation approved and attested for its narrators with knowledge, understanding, and virtue but doubted its fundamentals its narrators, chain of transmissions, and texts.
Among the most eminent students was: Mahmoud Abu Rayyah who wrote "Adwa' `Ala As-Sunnah Al Muhammadiyyah (Lights on the Prophetic Sunnah)" book which was not lights but darkness. The was full of attacks against the Sunnah and its narrators, as he attacked the authentic Hadiths in their most authentic sources [books of authentic Hadiths]. Many times he declared his denial to many Hadiths that were reported in Al Bukhari, Muslim, and others. Moreover, he claimed that the books of authentic Hadiths contain many Israelite and Christian narrations (reported from the Jews). He ignored the rules and standards which the scholars of Hadith laid to identify authentic and fabricated Hadith.
You can realize his approach in grading a Hadith as authentic or weak from the following: He said: "I have come to know the Hadiths and narrations reported from the Messenger (peace be upon him) to the extent that I take what I take with full contentment and leave what I leave while my heart is comfortable, and there is no harm in taking or leaving these narrations (because I can distinguish well the authentic from the fabricated)." (1) He made his reason and mind a standard to accept or reject the Hadith. However, if we accept his approach, the Sunnah will be a toy in the hands of people; each group belie what the other group believes in.
Abu Rayyah went too far in attacking Abu Hurayrah by saying: "History recorded that he was gluttonous and used to eat daily in the house of the Prophet or in the house of anyone of his friends to the extent that some of them used to run away from him." (2) Moreover, he denied the Hadiths that were reported from the way of that venerable Companion.
By writing such a book, Abu Rayyah opened a great door of evil and many hateful people followed his steps, so there is no writer has attacked the Sunnah but benefitted from the doubts of Abu Rayyah.
It is enough to know that the roots of Abu Rayyah's doubts trace back to the writings of the enemies of Islam. This is not a claim against him but a truth which he wrote in his book: "Whoever wants to know more about the Israelite and Christian narrations found in Islam may refer to the books of Hadith, history, and to the books of the orientalists such as Goldzieher and Fone kramer." (3) However, those who follow the same way in attacking the Sunnah will not reach their goal but will keep wandering in darkness until they die at the end out of envy and hatred because Allah (Glory be to Him) has undertaken to protect His Religion. Allah (may He be Exalted) says: "Verily, We, it is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur'ân) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption)." (4)

___________________________

(1) Adwa' `Ala As-Sunnah Al Muhammadiyyah p. 13, first edition 1958, Dar At-Ta'lif Print House.
(2) Adwa' `Ala As-Sunnah Al Muhammadiyyah p. 154.
(3) Adwa' `Ala As-Sunnah Al Muhammadiyyah p. 148. And see: Al Adwa' As-Sunniyyah `Ala Madhahib Rafidy Al Ahtijaj Bas-Sunnah An-Nabwiyyah p. 33-39.
(4) [Surat Al Hijr: 9].




رحمك الله يا سمية

رقم العضوية : 8411
الإنتساب : Jan 1970
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شمائل غير متواجد حالياً عرض البوم صور شمائل


  مشاركة رقم : 28  
كاتب الموضوع : شمائل المنتدى : English Forum قديم بتاريخ : 10-08-2012 الساعة : 12:57 PM

Episode 28: Orientalists and their students repeat the same claims and doubts in modern time (2/2)

Allah (Exalted be He) says: "They (the disbelievers, the Jews and the Christians) want to extinguish Allâh's Light (with which Muhammad peace be upon him has been sent? Islâmic Monotheism) with their mouths, but Allâh will not allow except that His Light should be perfected even though the Kâfirûn (disbelievers) hate (it)." "It is He Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad peace be upon him) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islâm), to make it superior over all religions even though the Mushrikûn (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh) hate (it)." (1)
In confirmation to this divine promise, Allah has assigned guardians to the Sunnah throughout history to guard it against the distortion, falsehood, and ignorance, therefore those guardians wrote many great writings anciently and recently in this field, of which:
1- Ar-Risalah (the message) and Ikhtilaf Al Hadith (Difference of Hadith) by Imam Al Shafi`y.
2- Ta`wil Mukhtalif Al Hadith (Interpretation of contradicted Hadiths) by Ibn Qutaybah.
3- Sharh Mushkal Al Athar (Explanation of contradicted narrations) by Imam At-Tahawy.
4- As-Sunnah Wa Makanataha Fi At-Tashri` Al Islamy (the Sunnah and its status in Islamic Shari`ah) by professor Mustafa As-Siba`y.
5- Difa`an `An As-Sunnah (In defence of the Sunnah) by professor Muhammad Abu Shuhbah.
6- Hujjiyat As-Sunnah (The Sunnah as a proof) by professor `Abdul-Ghany `Abdul-Khaliq.
7- Zhulumat Abu Rayyah (Darknesses of Abu Rayyah) by Sheikh Muhammad `Abdur-Raziq Hamzah.
8- Al Anwar Al Kashifah Lima Fi Kitab Adwa' `Ala As-Sunnah Min Al Zalal Wal Tadlil Wal Mujazafah (Guiding lights to the doubts, delusions, and ignorance reported in the book of Adwa' `Ala As-Sunnah) by `Abdul-Rahman Al Mu`alimy Al Yamany.
9- As-Sunnah Qabl At-Tadwin (The Sunnah before documentation) and Abu Hurayrah Rawiyat Al Islam (Abu Hurayrah the narrator of Islam) by professor Muhammad `Ajjaj Al Khatib.
10- Dirasat Fi Al Hadith An-Nabawy Wa Tarikh Tadwinuh (Studies in Prophetic Hadith and its history of documentation) by professor Muhammad Mustafa Al A`zhamy.
11- Al Hadith wa Al Muhaddithun (Hadith and its narrators) by Muhammad Abu Zahw.
12- As-Sunnah Fi Muwajahat Al Abatil (The Sunnah against falsehood) by Muhammad Tahir Hakim.
13- As-Sunnah Al Muftara `Alayha (the attacked Sunnah) and As-Sunnah Bayna Al Wahy Wal `Aql (The Sunnah between revelation and reason) by Counselor Salim Al Bahnasawy.
14- As-Sunnah An-Nabawiyyah Wa Mata`in Al Mubtadi`ah Fiha (the Prophetic Sunnah and the attacks of the attackers) by professor Mikky Al Shamy.
15- Al Mustashriqun Wal Hadith An-Nabawy (Orientalists and the Prophetic Hadith) by professor Muhammad Baha' Al Din.
16- As-Sunnah An-Nabawiyyah Bayna Du`at Al Fitnah Wa Ad`iya' Al `Ilm (The Prophetic Sunnah between the callers of sedition and the claimers of knowledge) by Professor `Abdul-Mawjud `Abdul-Latif.
17- Shubuhat Hawla As-Sunnah Wa Dahdiha (Doubts around the Sunnah and their refutations) by professor Khalil Mulla Khatir.
18- Ihtimam Al Muhadithin Benaqd Al Hadith Sanadan Wa Matnan Wa Dahd Maza`im Al Mustashriqin Wa Atba`ihim (The interest of the scholars of Hadith in criticizing Hadith texts and the chains of narrations, and refutation of the claims of orientalists and their followers) by professor Muhammad Luqman As-Salafy.
19- Al Qur'aniyyun Wa Shubuhatuhum Hawla As-Sunnah (Those who believe only in the Qur'an as a proof and their doubts about the Sunnah) by professor Khadim Husayn Ilahy Bakhsh.
20- Ad-Difa` `An As-Sunnah (Defending the Sunnah) and As-Sunnah Fi Muwajahat A`da'iha (The Sunnah against its enemies) Dalalat Munkiry As-Sunnah (The illusions of those who deny the Sunnah) by professor Taha Ad-Dusuqy Hibish.
21- Dawabit Al Riwayah `Anda Al Muhaddithin (Standards of accepting narration according to the scholars of Hadith) by professor As-Siddiq Bashir Nasr.
22- Daf` Ash-Shubuhat `An As-Sunnah An-Nabawiyayh (Defending the Prophetic Sunnah against doubts) by professor `Abdul-Muhdy `Abdul-Hady.
23- Mawqif Al Madrasah Al `Aqliyyah Min As-Sunnah An-Nabawiyyah (The stance of the rational school of thought toward the Prophetic Sunnah) by professor Amin As-Sadiq.
24- As-Sunnah An-Nabawiyyah Fi Kitabat A`da' Al Islam Munaqashatuha Wa Ar-Rad `Alayha (The Prophetic Sunnah in the writings of the enemies of Islam -discussion and refutation) by professor `Imad As-Sayyid Ash-Shirbiny.
25- As-Sunnah An-Nabawiyyah Bayna Kayd Al A`da' Wa Jahl Al Ad`iya' (The Prophetic Sunnah between the cunning of enemies and the ignorance of claimers of knowledge) by professor Hamdy As-Si`idy.
There are other books and letters in this field in addition to the efforts of the famous scientific foundations and websites.
Thus, we note that the scholars of the nation are full aware of the plots set against the fundamentals and sources of the nation. Doubts and delusions will reinforce their firm belief of their religion, strengthen their refutation to these claims, and add to their determination to continue. "So that those who were to be destroyed (for their rejecting the Faith) might be destroyed after a clear evidence, and those who were to live (i.e. believers) might live after a clear evidence." (2) "And those who do wrong will come to know by what overturning they will be overturned." (3)

_________________________

(1) [Surat At-Tawbah: 32-33].
(2) [Surat Al Anfal: 42].
(3) [Surat Ash-Shu`ara': 227].




رحمك الله يا سمية

رقم العضوية : 8411
الإنتساب : Jan 1970
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شمائل غير متواجد حالياً عرض البوم صور شمائل


  مشاركة رقم : 29  
كاتب الموضوع : شمائل المنتدى : English Forum قديم بتاريخ : 10-08-2012 الساعة : 01:03 PM

Episode 29: the attackers of the Sunnah in the past and recently (1- 2)

Previously, we spoke about the history of attacking the Sunnah and the stages which the Sunnah has been through. During our speech, we mentioned some of the sects which denied and attacked the Sunnah. Here, we shall mention in detail those who attacked the Sunnah anciently and recently, but let me first draw your attention that the attackers of the Sunnah belong to different sects and groups, and their denial of the Sunnah is of different degrees:
1- Some of them have denied the entire Sunnah such as the Rafidah (a Shi`ah group denying the caliphates of Abu Bakr As-Siddiq and `Umar ibn Al Khattab and making accusations against them and many other Companions of the Prophet) and like Ghulam Ahmad Berwiz who established (The society of the people of the Qur'an).
2- Some of them have denied the Sunnah but only approved the frequent practical Sunnah, such as Salah, Zakah, fasting, and Hajj (pilgrimage), which is the creed of Al Mu`tazilah (a Muslim sect) and many of the people who recently deny the Sunnah.
3- Some of them admit the Sunnah, but they do not hold the single narrations as a proof in the matter of creed such as many of the logicians.
4- Some of them do not have a fundamental or a criterion, but they deny this or that Hadith because it is contorary to his or her reason or whim, or because of something in themselves. (1)
Some may ask: Why should we speak about these sects?
Although the stances of those sects from the Sunnah and from the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) were quite clear, they have a great impact in the disparity of the Muslim nation into parties and groups. From this standpoint comes the importance of studying these sects because of the following:
First, although these sects were old and their founders were not important, but the point is: these sects exist in our time. If we examine some of these past sects such as the Kharijite (Those who believe only in the Qur'an), we will find that it has other examples in our modern time. Likewise, Al Mu`tazilah whose ideas are still vivid and some of those, who are fascinated by the West, use them day and night. Accordingly, they began to glorify reason and use it in the texts of the Shari`ah, the Qur'an and the Sunnah, so when they find something in harmony with their reasons, they accept it; otherwise they reject it or interpreted it in a way that harms the creed of Muslims. Moreover, they accuse those who hold the Qur'an and the Sunnah as proofs of deterioration and solitude.
They want to deviate from the Islamic Shari`ah, but they did not dare frankly to do it. So, they found that covering behind these opinions is the best mean to achieve their goal, so they resorted to glorifying these ideas in order to achieve their far goals.
Hence, the importance of studying these sects shows up to explain their destructive ideas and opinions which are contrary to the reality of Islam and to show how those people who follow their steps adopt and spread these ideas in modern times. Let it be known that no current sedition or a claim but appeared long time ago because there is an heir to every people and Allah has said the truth when He said: "So said the people before them words of similar import. Their hearts are alike." (2)
Moreover, it is important to reveal the mask of these movements and destructive ideas which some people adopt these days. Furthermore, it is important to uncover their dangerous role in attacking and defaming Islam (represented in attacking the Qur'an and the Sunnah) from one side and spreading division and difference in the rows of the nation from another side, so we have to expose their thoughts and reality to the people to be aware of them.



__________________________

(1) See: Qadaya Manhajiyyah Wada`awiyyah p. 62.
(2) Surat Al Baqarah: 118.




رحمك الله يا سمية

رقم العضوية : 8411
الإنتساب : Jan 1970
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شمائل غير متواجد حالياً عرض البوم صور شمائل


  مشاركة رقم : 30  
كاتب الموضوع : شمائل المنتدى : English Forum قديم بتاريخ : 10-08-2012 الساعة : 01:09 PM

Episode 30: The attackers of the Sunnah in the past and recently (2- 2)

In the previous episode, we mentioned the first point in the importance of studying the sects which attacked the Sunnah. In this episode, we shall continue our talk about the rest points:
Second, studying these sects reveals to us the roots of trials which dispersed the powers of Muslims, separated them into sects, and made them harsh toward one another. It also reveals for us the roots of doubts which the enemies of the Sunnah cast against the Sunnah in modern time. (1)
Third, the creed of the sects which showed up anciently were based on some deniable acts, however they claim to be the true sects and other sects were erroneous. So, they mixed the truth with falsehood and uncovered their deviation from the Qur'an and the Sunnah in glittering shapes to disseminate their heresies and to call the people for them.
So, it is important to study these sects to expose their harms on the Islamic creed and the unity of the nation, and to refute the claims of those who said that the Kharijites were part of the Companions and that Al Mu`tazilah sect was also part of the Companions and the Followers and they rejected the Sunnah in the matters of creeds as the Rightly-Guided Caliphs and the Kharijites did. Moreover, they claim that they conveyed the Qur'an and the rites of religion before the spread of the Predecessors' doctrine in the Muslim Nation. (2)
Fourth, ignoring the study of these sects, refuting their claims, and negating their false ideas give a room for deviant sects to do what they want and to call for their heresies and superstition without finding someone to study and refute their claims as the case nowadays. Many knowledge seekers as well as the public do not know the ideas of the current sects which work day and night to spread their falsehood.

Perhaps this inattention of Muslims to reveal these deviant sects is part of the planning of those deviant sects themselves who like to cover the eyes of Muslims so as not to see their reality and their criminal planning. The proof to that is these ideas and phrases which many Muslims repeat in many of their Muslim societies without knowing that their sources trace back to the Kharijites: Such as their saying: We only hold the Qur'an as a proof and we do not recognize the Sunnah as a proof.
Another idea such as making the blood of Muslims lawful for the least doubt and calling Muslims non-Muslims, but rather calling the entire Muslim societies as non-Muslims for any guilt. Some of these ideas come from Al Mu`tazilah such as glorifying reason and resorting to it in judging the texts of the Shari`ah, the Qur'an and the Sunnah, so what is in harmony with the reason is accepted and what is not shall be rejected. Some of these ideas come from the Shi`ite such as calling the Companions or some of them disbelievers, accusing them of lying, and talking about the sedition of `Uthman, Ali, and Mu`awiyah (may Allah be pleased with them all).
Some of these ideas come from Bahaism such as glorifying number 19 ...etc.
It is known that these false ideas trace back to the ignorance of some youth with the ideas and the goals of these sects which misled many youth of this nation in many Muslim communities anciently and recently.
Hence, it becomes clear the importance of studying these sects and revealing the mask from their desires and heresies to provide light for the Muslim youth in the middle of this intellectual darkness created by the followers of these sects which work in the dark to spread their ideas and to impose their plans which are against Islam. (3)




_________________________

(1) See: As-Sunnah Fi Kitabat A`da' Al Islam (1 / 73).
(2) See: Kashf Ash-Shubuhat `An Sheikh Al Ghazaly p. 63, 77, 94.
(3) See: Firaq Mu`asirah Tantasibu Ila Al Islam Wa Mawqif Al Islam Minha (1 / 22 26).




رحمك الله يا سمية

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  مشاركة رقم : 31  
كاتب الموضوع : شمائل المنتدى : English Forum قديم بتاريخ : 10-08-2012 الساعة : 01:13 PM

Episode 31: The Kharijites and their stance from the Sunnah

Definition of Kharijites:
The Kharijite in the language is the plural form of Kharij (rebel) and the word was mentioned in the language books to indicate the groups of opinions and desires because they rebel against the religion or against Imam Ali (may Allah be pleased with him).
Al Azhary said: The Kharijite is a group of people who follow their desires. (1)
Az-Zabidy said about them: They are the Haruriyah, and the Kharijite are a group of them. They were seven groups and were named as such because they rebelled against the people, against the religion, against the truth, or against Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) after the Battle of Siffin. (2)
Idiomatically: Ash-Shahristany said: Everyone rebels against the true Imam about whom the Muslim group agreed is called a Kharijite whether the rebellion was in the time of the Companions against the Rightly-Guided Imams or after them against those who followed them righteously and all imams any time. (3)
The origin of the Kharijites was a group of political trend and special thinking who rebelled against Imam Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) after he was pleased with the Judgment that took place after the Battle of Siffin and fought them in the famous Battle of Nahrawan. (4)
Despite the scatter of the Kharijite into different sects, they hold the same doctrine which stated:
1- They free themselves of `Uthman and Ali (may Allah be pleased with them), and advance that on every act of obedience. Moreover, they held the marriage contracts valid on that fundamental otherwise they are invalid.
2- They call the people of grievous sins disbelievers.
3- They held that rebellion against the Imam is a must when he contradicts the Sunnah.
However, `Abdul-Qadir Al Baghdady had a different opinion in the things which combined the Kharijite. He said: "The correct view in the things that combine the Kharijite is the narration of Sheikh Abu Al Hasan Al Ash`ary (may Allah bestow mercy on his soul):
They called Ali, `Uthman, the people who fought in the Battle of Al Jamal, the two judges, anyone who approved their ruling, or approved one of them, or even satisfied the judgment disbelievers." (5)
Abu Al Hasan Al Ash`ary said in Maqalat Al Islamiyyin: The Kharijites hold consensus on calling `Ali ibn Abu Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) a disbeliever. However, they disagreed whether his disbelief was part of polytheism or not? They also hold consensus that every major sin is an act of disbelief except the sect which was called An-Najdat who did not held that view. They also hold consensus that Allah (Glory be to Him) tortures the people of grievous sins permanently except An-Najdat.

__________________________________

(1) Tahdhib Al Lughah (7 / 50).
(2) Taj Al `Arus (2 / 30).
(3) Al Milal Wa An-Nihal (1 / 114).
(4) See: Al Fisal Fi Al Milal Wa An-Nihal (4 / 157), Al Milal Wa An-Nihal (1 / 21), Al Bidayah Wa An-Nihayah (7 / 189), Firaq Mu`asirah (1 / 70, 71).
(5) Al Farq Bayna Al Firaq p. 74.




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  مشاركة رقم : 32  
كاتب الموضوع : شمائل المنتدى : English Forum قديم بتاريخ : 10-08-2012 الساعة : 01:15 PM

Episode 32: The stance of the Kharijites from the Hadith

No doubt that the stance of the Kharijites from the Hadith was based on their stance from its narrators i.e., the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
The books of history and sects are of agreement that the Kharijites, no matter the difference of their sects, said that all the Companions were trustworthy before the sedition then they called the following Companions disbelievers: Ali, `Uthman, the people who fought in the Battle of Al Jamal, and all the Companions after arbitration, including the two judges, those who satisfied with the arbitration and those who said about the judges they were right or even one of them was right. They called them unbelievers because they disobeyed the command of Allah. (1)
As a result to their apostasy, they rejected the Hadiths of the Companions after the sedition, refused to accept their narrations, and refused to accept the narrations of the Muslim jurists who verified and judged the narrations of the Companions and used analogy and gave their own views based on the Fatwas of the Companions, therefore they called them disbelievers too. (2)
Thereby, they fell into terrible errors that contradicted the sound reason among which their aversion from the Sunnah and narrations.
Dr. As-Siba`y said: "It was a serious sedition that the trustworthiness of the Companions, who participated in the dispute between Ali or Mu`awiyah, was doubted, their Hadiths were rejected, and called them disbelievers or dissolute. By that view, they are not less dangerous than the Shi`ite because their views are corrupted. If the standard to accept a narration is the truthfulness and integrity of the Companions in all they conveyed to us, and lie cannot be attributed to them because of their nature, religion, and rearing, what is the connection between their selves and their political views and errors? And why to describe them with qualities that are not proper to describe common people; how about the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) who served Islam with all they could. Except if the Companions had not conveyed the message to us, we would have remained in darkness and we would not have known anything about guidance." (3)

___________________________________

(1) See: Al Farq Bayna Al Firaq p. 74 As-Sunnah Wamkantuha Fi At-Tashri` Al Islamy p. 149. The stance of the Kharijites is contrary to the stance of the people of the Sunnah who certified all the Companions and called them trustworthy whether they participated in the dispute or not.
(2) See: Al Farq bayna Al Firaq p. 322.
(3) As-Sunnah Wamkantuha Fi At-Tashri` Al Islamy p. 133 with paraphrasing.




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رقم العضوية : 8411
الإنتساب : Jan 1970
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شمائل غير متواجد حالياً عرض البوم صور شمائل


  مشاركة رقم : 33  
كاتب الموضوع : شمائل المنتدى : English Forum قديم بتاريخ : 10-08-2012 الساعة : 01:16 PM

Episode 33: The points in which the Kharijites differed from the people of the Sunnah

The most prominent qualities of the Kharijites were strictness, exceeding proper limits, and extremism in all rulings. Therefore, they abandoned Islam which is distinguished by moderation. They defamed their sect by dullness and ossification where they stopped at the apparent meanings of the Qur'anic texts without paying attention to the texts which abrogate these Qur'anic texts, specialize its generality, limit its absolute, or add some rulings to them by the Sunnah.
We have explained their stance from the narrations of the Companions represented in rejecting the narrations of those who disbelieved among them.
Their stance led to the rejection of most Hadiths, but they rather did not pay attention to Ijma` (consensus of scholars) and did not take it into account when they understood the Qur'an despite the fact that Ijma` in its origin is based on the texts of the Qur'an and the Sunnah and is not something fabricated in religion or something away from its rules and fundamentals. (1)
Their acute temper, extremism, and their immoderate inclination to name the opponents disbelievers played an effective role in their divisions where they separated to different sects and groups. All these issues played a great role in the errors and innovations which they invented in the society.
These are some of their errors which are contradictory to the authentic Hadith that were reported from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him).
1- Their most famous error, which was committed by the first court and Al Azariqah, was calling the following Companions disbelievers: Ali, `Uthman, the Companions who fought in the Battle of the Camel, Mu`awiyah, his army, the judges, and those who satisfied with the arbitration. (2)

The error which they believed that Ali committed was that he resorted to ordinary men in the arbitration rather than resorting the matter to Allah. (3)
They called him mistaken because he erased his name from the Muslim caliphate, thereupon they called him a disbeliever.
As for `Uthman, they attacked him because of the incidents which they considered favoritism to his tribe over the interests of the entire nation, in addition to the transgressions to which we denoted earlier.
As for the Companions who fought in the Battle of the Camel, the Companions who fought in the Battle of Siffin, and Mu`awiyah, they attacked them all because they were indulged in the sedition and because they were parties in the dispute.
Al Azariqah interpreted the Ayahs in a way that served their purposes and desires. They interpreted Allah's Saying: "And of mankind there is he whose speech may please you (O Muhammad peace be upon him), in this worldly life, and he calls Allâh to witness as to that which is in his heart, yet he is the most quarrelsome of the opponents." [Surat Al Baqarah: 204] and said that the Ayah was revealed in Ali.
Moreover, they approved the action of `Abdur-Rahman ibn Muljim, the killer of Imam Ali to the extent that `Imran ibn Hattan, the Mufty (Islamic scholar qualified to issue legal opinions) of the Kharijites and their greatest poet praised him in famous verses:
What a strike of a good person ** by which he meant to gain the pleasure of the Lord. (4)
Their stance from the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) was contradictory to the authentic Sunnah because the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) attested for a large number of those whom they called disbelievers and promised them Paradise such as Ali, Talhah ibn `Ubayd Allah, Az-Zubayr, and `Uthman. (5)
Those Companions were among the Companions who gave homage to the Messenger of Allah in the Homage of Ar-Ridwan about which Allah (may He be Exalted) says: "Indeed, Allâh was pleased with the believers when they gave the Bai'ah (pledge) to you (O Muhammad peace be upon him) under the tree." (6)
Furthermore, the books of the Sunnah are full of the great situations and virtues of those venerable Companions. (7)
As for the erasing of Ali to his name from the Muslim caliphate, he followed the example of the Messenger (peace be upon him) on the day of Al Hudaybiyah when he erased (the Messenger of Allah) after the polytheists objected to that title. (8)
When the Kharijites rejected the Sunnah, they turned away from its guidance and did not take a lesson of its incidents. (9)

_____________________________________

(1) At-Tafsir Wal Mufassirun 2/313.
(2) Al Farq Bayna Al Firaq (81 /2).
(3) When Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) heard it, he said: (A true word but used in falsehood) or (A word of justice that is meant to achieve injustice. They say there is no princedom, but there must be a princedom whether the emir is good or evil). 1/116 -117 Milal Ash-Shahristany.
(4) Milal Ash-Shahristany 1/120. Al Bidayah Wan-Nihayah 7\ 359 and was opposed by Bakr ibn Hammad Al Zanaty Al Tahirty (200 AH – 296 AH) who satirized him:
Nay, but it was a strike from a bad person who will enter Hell Fire ** forever and he approached the Most Gracious while He is angry at him.
(5) See Hadith No. (3574 - 3575) from Sunan At-Tirmidhy.
(6) Surat Al Fath: 18.
(7) See: Sahih Al Bukhari in the book of virtues of the Companions, Sahih Muslim in the book of virtues, and Sunan and At-Tirmidhy in the books of virtues.
(8) See: Jami` Bayan Al `Ilm wa Fadluh 2 / 127, and Sahih Al Bukhari in the book of conciliation, chapter on how did he write: This is what has been signed ..., and the book of Battles, in the chapter of `Umrat Al Qada' (the compensatory `Umrah).
(9) See: Fundamental of the science of Hadith between the approach and the idiom p. 162 - 164.




رحمك الله يا سمية

رقم العضوية : 8411
الإنتساب : Jan 1970
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شمائل غير متواجد حالياً عرض البوم صور شمائل


  مشاركة رقم : 34  
كاتب الموضوع : شمائل المنتدى : English Forum قديم بتاريخ : 10-01-2014 الساعة : 12:15 AM

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